## Extra Questions of Class 10 Maths Chapter 8 Introduction to Trigonometry PDF Download

We have provided you with Extra and Important Questions from Class 10 Maths Chapter 8 Introduction to Trigonometry. This Extra and Important Questions will help you to score 100% in your Board Exams. These extra questions will be helpful to revise the important topics and concepts.

# Introduction to Trigonometry Class 10 Important Questions with Answers Maths Chapter 8

## Extra Questions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 8 Very Short Answer Type

Question:If sin θ = cos θ, then find the value of 2 tan θ + cos2 θ.

Solution:

sin θ = cos θ (Given)
It means value of θ = 45°
Now, 2 tan θ + cos2 θ = 2 tan 45° + cos2 45°

Question:If sin (x – 20)° = cos (3x – 10)°, then find the value of x.

Solution:

sin (x – 20)° = cos (3x – 10)°
⇒ cos [90° – (x – 20)°] = cos (3x – 10)°
By comparing the coefficient
90° – x° + 20° = 3x° – 10° = 110° + 10° = 3x° + x°
120° = 4x°
⇒ 120∘/4 = 30°

Question:If x = a cos θ, y = b sin θ, then find the value of b2x2 + a2y2 – a2b2.

Solution:Given x = acos θ, y = b sin θ
b2x2 + a2y2 – a2b2 = b2(acos θ)2 + a2(b sin θ)2 – a2b2
= a2b2 cos2θ + a2b2 sin2 θ – a2b2 = a2b2 (sin2 θ + cos2 θ) – a2b2
= a2b2 – a2b2 = θ (∵ sin2 θ + cos2 θ = 1)

Question:If tan A = cot B, prove that A + B = 90°.

Solution:We have
tan A = cot B
⇒ tan A = tan (90° – B)
A = 90° – B
[∵ Both A and B are acute angles]
⇒ A + B = 90°

Question:In a ∆ABC, if ∠C = 90°, prove that sin2 A + sin2 B = 1.

Solution:Since ∠C = 90°
∴ ∠A + ∠B = 180° – ∠C = 90°
Now, sin2 A + sin2 B = sin2 A + sin2 (90° – A) = sin2 A + cos2 A = 1

Question:If sec 4A = cosec (A – 20°) where 4 A is an acute angle, find the value of A.

Solution:

We have
sec 4 A = cosec (A – 20°)
⇒ cosec (90° – 4 A) = cosec (A – 20°)
∴ 90° – 4 A = A – 20°
⇒ 90° + 20° = A + 4 A
⇒ 110° = 5 A
∴ A = 110/5 = 22°

Question:If sin A = 3/4, calculate cos A and tan A.

Solution:

Let us first draw a right ∆ABC in which ∠C = 90°.
Now, we know that

Question:Given 15 cot A = 8, find sin A and sec A.

Solution:

Let us first draw a right ∆ABC in which ∠B = 90°.
Now, we have, 15 cot A = 8

Question:If sin θ + cos θ = √3 , then prove that tan θ + cot θ = 1.

Solution:

sin θ + cos θ = √3
⇒ (sin θ + cos θ)2 = 3
⇒ sin2 θ + cos2 θ + 2 sin θ cos θ = 3
⇒ 2 sin cos θ = 2 (∵ sin2 θ + cos2 θ = 1)
⇒ sin θ. cos θ = 1 = sin2 θ + cos2 θ

⇒ 1 = tan θ + cot θ = 1
Therefore tan θ + cot θ = 1

Question:

Solution:

## Extra Questions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 8 Short Answer Type

Question:

Solution:

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Solution:

Question:Evaluate: sin 25° cos 65° + cos 25° sin 65°.

Solution:sin 25°. cos 65° + cos 25° . sin 65°
= sin (90° – 65°). cos 65° + cos (90° – 65°). sin 65°
= cos 65° . cos 65° + sin 65°. sin 65°
= cos2 65° + sin2 65° = 1.

Question:If sin 30 = cos (θ – 6°) where 30 and (θ – 6°) are both acute angles, find the value of θ.

Solution:

According to question:
sin 3θ = cos (θ – 6°)
cos (90° – 30) = cos (θ – 6°) [∵ cos (90° – θ ) = sin θ]
90° – 3θ = θ – 6° [comparing the angles)
= 4θ = 90° + 6° = 96°
θ = 96/4 = 24°
Hence, θ = 24°

Question:

Find an acute angle θ, when

Solution:

On comparing we get
⇒ tan θ = √3
⇒ tan θ = tan 60°
= θ = 60°

Question:

Prove that

Solution:

n:

Question:

Prove that

Solution:

We have,

Question:

Prove that:

Solution:

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Prove that:

Solution:

Question:

Evaluate the following:

Solution:

n:

## Extra Questions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 8 Long Answer Type

Question:

Prove that:

Solution:

n:

Question:Prove that: (sin A + cosec A)2 + (cos A + sec A)2 = 7 + tan2 A + cot2A.

Solution:LHS = (sin A + cosec A)2 + (cos A + sec A)2
= sin2 A + coses2 A + 2sin A . cosec A + cos2 A + sec2 A + 2 cos A . sec A
= (sin2 A + coses2 A + 2) + (cos2 A + sec2 A + 2) [sin A. cosec A = 1]
= (sin2 A + cos2 A) + (coses2 A + sec2 A) + 4 [cos A. sec A = 1]
= 1 + 1 + cot2A + 1 + tan2 A + 4
= 7 + tan2 A + cot2 A = RHS [∵ 1 + cot2A = coses2 A and 1 + tan2 A = sec2 A]

Question:

Solution:

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Question: Prove that

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Question: Evaluate the following:

Solution: