We have provided you with Extra and Important Questions from Class 10 Maths Chapter 15 Probability. This Extra and Important Questions will help you to score 100% in your Board Exams. These extra questions will be helpful to revise the important topics and concepts.

# Probability Class 10 Important Questions with Answers Maths Chapter 15

## Extra Questions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 15 Very Short Answer Type

**Question: **A game consists of spinning an arrow which comes to rest pointing at one of the regions (1, 2 or 3) (Fig. 15.1). Are the outcomes 1, 2 and 3 equally likely to occur? Give reason.

**Solution:**

False, because the outcome 3 is more likely than the other numbers.

**Question: **In a family, having three children, there may be no girl, one girl, two girls or three girls. So, the probability of each is 1/4. Is this correct? Justify your answer.

**Solution:**False, because the outcomes are not equally, likely. For no girl, outcome is bbb, for one girl, it is

bgb, gbb, bbg, for two girls, it is bgg, ggb, gbg and for all girls, it is ggg.

**Question: **A bag contains slips numbered from 1 to 100. If Fatima chooses a slip at random from the bag, it will either be an odd number or an even number. Since, this situation has only two possible outcomes, so the probability of each is 1/2 Justify.

**Solution:**

True, because the outcomes odd number’ and `even number’ are equally likely here.

**Question: **State true or false and give the reason. If I toss a coin 3 times and get head each tir ne, then I should expect a tail to have a higher chance in the 4th toss.

**Solution:**False, because the outcomes ‘head’ and ‘tail are equally likely. So, every time the probability of getting head or tail is 1/2

**Question: **If P (E) = 0.05, what is the probability of ‘not E’ ?

**Solution:**As we know that,

P (E) + P (not E) = 1

P (not E) = 1 – P (E) = 1 – 0.05 = 0.95

**Question: **What is the probability of getting no head when two coins are tossed simultaneously?

**Solution:**

Favourable outcome is TT;

∴ P (no head) = 1/4

**Question: **In a single throw of a pair of dice, what is the probability of getting the sum a perfect square?

**Solution:**

Total outcomes = 36

Favourable outcomes are {(1,3), (3, 1), (2, 2), (3, 6), (6,3), (4, 5), (5, 4)}

∴ Required probability = 7/36

**Question: **Cards marked with number 3, 4, 5, …., 50 are placed in a box and mixed thoroughly. A card is drawn at random from the box. Find the probability that the selected card bears a perfect square number.

**Solution:**

Possible outcomes are 4, 9, 16, 25, 36, 49, i.e., 6.

∴ P (perfect square number) = 6/48 or 1/8

**Question: **A card is drawn at random from a well shuffled pack of 52 playing cards. Find the probability of getting neither a red card nor a queen.

**Solution:**

Number of possible outcomes = 52

Number of red cards and queens = 28

Number of favourable outcomes = 52 – 28 = 24

P (getting neither a red card nor a queen) = 24/52 = 6/13

**Question: **20 tickets, on which numbers 1 to 20 are written, are mixed throughly and then a ticket is drawn at random out of them. Find the probability that the number on the drawn ticket is a multiple of 3 or 7.

**Solution:**

n(s) = 20, Multiples of 3 or 7, A: {3, 6, 9, 12, 15, 18, 7, 14), n(A) = 8

∴ Required probability = 8/20 or 2/5

**Question: **A number is chosen at random from the numbers -3, -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3. What will be the probability that square of this number is less then or equal to 1?

**Solution:**

Favourable outcomes are -1, 0, 1 = 3

Total outcomes = 7

∴ Required probability = 3/7

## Extra Questions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 15 Short Answer Type

**Question: **Two dice are thrown at the same time and the product of numbers appearing on them is noted. Find the probability that the product is a prime number.

**Solution:**

Product of the number on the dice is prime number, i.e., 2, 3, 5.

The possible ways are, (1, 2), (2, 1), (1, 3), (3, 1), (5, 1), (1, 5)

So, number of possible ways = 6

∴ Required probability = 6/36 = 1/6

**Question: **Find the probability that a number selected from the numbers 1 to 25 is not a prime number when each of the given numbers is equally likely to be selected.

**Solution:**

Total prime numbers from 1 to 25 = 9.

∴ Non-prime numbers from 1 to 25 = 25 – 9 = 16.

⇒ P (non-prime number) = 16/25

**Question: **A card is drawn at random from a pack of 52 playing cards. Find the probability that the card drawn is neither an ace nor a king.

**Solution:**

Let E be the event card drawn is neither an ace nor a king.

Then, the number of outcomes favourable to the event E = 44 (4 kings and 4 aces are not there)

∴ P(E) = 44/52 = 11/13

**Question: **A bag contains lemon flavoured candies only. Malini takes out one candy without looking into the bag. What is the probability that she takes out (i) an orange flavoured candy? (ii) a lemon flavoured candy?

**Solution:**

(i) As the bag contains only lemon flavoured candies. So, the event related to the experiment of taking out an orange flavoured candy is an impossible event. So, its probability is 0.

(ii) As the bag contains only lemon flavoured candies. So, the event related to the experiment of taking out lemon flavoured candies is certain event. So, its probability is 1.

**Question: **12 defective pens are accidentally mixed with 132 good ones. It is not possible to just look at a pen and tell whether or not it is defective. One pen is taken out at random from this lot. Determine the probability that the pen taken out is a good one.

**Solution:**

Here, total number of pens = 132 + 12 = 144

∴ Total number of elementary outcomes = 144

Now, favourable number of elementary events = 132

∴ Probability that a pen taken out is good one = 132/144 = 11/12

**Question: **Two players, Sangeeta and Reshma, play a tennis match. It is known that the probability of Sangeeta’s winning the match is 0.62. What is the probability of Reshma’s winning the match?

**Solution:**Let S and R denote the events that Sangeeta and Reshma wins the match, respectively.

The probability of Sangeeta’s winning = P(S) = 0.62

As the events R and S are complementary

∴ The probability of Reshma’s winning = P(R) = 1 – P(S)

= 1 – 0.62 = 0.38.

**Question: **Out of 400 bulbs in a box, 15 bulbs are defective. One bulb is taken out at random from the box. Find the probability that the drawn bulb is not defective.

**Solution:**

Total number of bulbs in the box = 400

Total number of defective bulbs in the box = 15

Total number of non-defective bulbs in the box = 400 – 15 = 385

**Question: **Rahim tosses two different coins simultaneously. Find the probability of getting at least one tail.

**Solution:**

The sample space is {HH, HT, TH, TT}

Total number of outcomes = 4

Outcomes for getting at least one tail is {HT, TH, TT}

Number of favourable outcomes = 3

= 3/4

**Question: **Harpreet tosses two different coins simultaneously (say, one is of 1 and other of 2). What is the probability that she gets at least one head?

**Solution:**

When two coins are tossed simultaneously, the possible outcomes are (H, H), (H, T), (T, H), (T, T) which are all equally likely. Here (H, H) means head up on the first coin (say on ₹ 1) and head up on the second coin (₹ 2). Similarly (H, T) means head up on the first coin and tail up on the second coin and so on.

The outcomes favourable to the event E, ‘at least one head’ are (H, H), (H, T) and (T, H). So, the number of outcomes favourable to E is 3.

Therefore, P(E) = 3/4

i.e., the probability that Harpreet gets at least one head is 3/4.

**Question: **A game consists of tossing a one-rupee coin 3 times and noting the outcome each time. Ramesh wins the game if all the tosses give the same result (i.e. three heads or three tails) and loses otherwise. Find the probability of Ramesh losing the game.

**Solution:**

The outcomes associated with this experiment are given by

HHH, HHT, HTH, THH, TTH, THT, HTT, TTT

∴ Total number of possible outcomes = 8

Now, Ramesh will lose the game if he gets

HHT, HTH, THH, TTH, THT, HTT

∴ Favourable number of events = 6

∴ Probability that he lose the game = 6/8 = 3/4

**Question: **Three unbiased coins are tossed together. Find the probability of getting:

(i) all heads.

(ii) exactly two heads.

(iii) exactly one head.

(iv) at least two heads.

(v) at least two tails

**Solution:**

Elementary events associated to random experiment of tossing three coins are

HHH, HHT, HTH, THH, HTT, THT, TTH, TTT

∴ Total number of elementary events = 8

(i) The event “getting all heads” is said to occur, if the elementary event HHH occurs, i.e., HHH is an outcome.

∴ Favourable number of elementary events = 1

Hence, required probability = 1/8

(ii) The event “getting two heads” will occur, if one of the elementary events HHT, THH, HTH occurs.

∴ Favourable number of elementary events = 3

Hence, required probability = 3/8

(iii) The event of “getting one head”, when three coins are tossed together, occurs if one of the elementary events HTT, THT, TTH, occurs.

Favourable number of elementary events = 3

Hence, required probability = 3/8

(iv) If any of the elementary events HHH, HHT, HTH, and THH is an outcome, then we say that

the event “getting at least two heads” occurs.

∴ Favourable number of elementary events = 4

honom 4 Hence, required probability = 4/8 = 1/2

(v) Similar as (iv) P (getting at least two tails) = 4/8 = 1/2

## Extra Questions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 15 Long Answer Type

**Question: **One card is drawn from a well-shuffled deck of 52 cards. Find the probability of getting:

(i) a king of red colour.

(ii) a face card.

(iii) a red face card.

(iv) the jack of hearts.

(v) a spade.

(vi) the queen of diamonds.

**Solution:**

Here, total number of possible outcomes = 52

(i) As we know that there are two suits of red card, i.e., diamond and heart and each suit contains one king.

∴ Favourable number of outcomes = 2

∴ Probability of getting a king of red colour = 2/52 = 1/26

(ii) As we know that kings, queens and jacks are called face cards. Therefore, there are 12 face cards.

∴ Favourable number of elementary events = 12

∴ Probability of getting a face card = 12/52 = 313

(iii) As we know there are two suits of red cards, i.e., diamond and heart and each suit contains 3 face cards.

∴ Favourable number of elementary events = 2 × 3 = 6

∴ Probability of getting red face card = 6/52 = 3/26

(iv) Since, there is only one jack of hearts.

∴ Favourable number of elementary events = 1

∴ Probability of getting the jack of heart = 1/52

(v) Since, there are 13 cards of spade.

∴ Favourable number of elementary events = 13

∴ Probability of getting a spade = 13/52 = 1/4

(vi) Since, there is only one queen of diamonds.

∴ Favourable number of outcomes (elementary events) = 1

∴ Probability of getting a queen of diamond = 1/52

**Question: **One card is drawn from a pack of 52 cards, each of the 52 cards being equally likely to be drawn. Find the probability that the card drawn is:

(i) an ace.

(ii) red.

(iii) either red or king.

(iv) red and a king.

(v) a face card.

(vi) a red face card.

(vii) “2′ of spades.

(viii) ’10’ of a black suit.

**Solution:**

Out of 52 cards, one card can be drawn in 52 ways.

So, total number of elementary events = 52

(i) There are four ace cards in a pack of 52 cards. So, one ace can be chosen in 4 ways.

∴ Favourable number of elementary events = 4

Hence, required probability = 4/52 = 1/13

(ii) There are 26 red cards in a pack of 52 cards. Out of 26 red cards, one card can be chosen in 26 ways.

∴ Favourable number of elementary events = 26

Hence, required probability = 26/52 = 1/2

(iii) There are 26 red cards, including two red kings, in a pack of 52 playing cards. Also, there are 4 kings, two red and two black. Therefore, card drawn will be a red card or a king if it is any one of 28 cards (26 red cards and 2 black kings).

∴ Favourable number of elementary events = 28

Hence, required probability = 28/52 = 7/13

(iv) A card drawn will be red as well as king, if it is a red king. There are 2 red kings in a pack of 52 playing cards.

∴ Favourable number of elementary events = 2

Hence, required probability = 2/52 = 1/26

(v) In a deck of 52 cards: kings, queens, and jacks are called face cards. Thus, there are 12 face cards. So, one face card can be chosen in 12 ways.

Favourable number of elementary events = 12

Hence, required probability = 12/52 = 3/13

(vi) There are 6 red face cards 3 each from diamonds and hearts. Out of these 6 red face cards, one card can be chosen in 6 ways.

∴ Favourable number of elementary events = 6

Hence, required probability = 6/52 = 3/26

(vii) There is only one ‘2’ of spades.

∴ Favourable number of elementary events = 1 Hence, required probability = 2

(viii) There are two suits of black cards viz. spades and clubs. Each suit contains one card bearing number 10.

∴ Favourable number of elementary events = 2

Hence, required probability = 2/52 = 1/26

**Question: **A game of chance consists of spinning an arrow which comes to rest pointing at one of the numbers 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8 see Fig, and these are equally likely outcomes. What is the probability that it will point at: (i) 8? (ii) an odd number? (iii) a number greater than 2? (iv) a number less than 9?

**Solution:**

Here, total number of elementary events (possible outcomes) = 8

(i) We have only one ‘P’ on the spining plant.

∴ Favourable number of outcomes = 1

Hence, the probability that arrow points at 8 = 1/26.

(ii) We have four odd points (i.e., 1, 3, 5 and 7)

∴ Favourable number of outcomes = 4

∴ Probability that arrow points at an odd number = 4/8 = 1/2

(iii) We have 6 numbers greater than 2, i.e., 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8.

Therefore, favourable number of outcomes = 6

∴ Probability that arrow points at a number greater than 2 = 6/8 = 3/4

(iv) We have 8 numbers less than 9, i.e, 1, 2, 3, … 8.

∴ Favourable number of outcomes = 8

∴ Probability that arrow points at a number less than 9 = 8/8 = 1.

**Question: **Two dice, one blue and one grey, are thrown at the same time. Write down all the possible outcomes. What is the probability that the sum of the two numbers appearing on the top of the dice is: (i) 8? (ii) 13? (iii) less than or equal to 12?

**Solution:**

When the blue die shows ‘l’, the grey die could show any one of the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6.

The same is true when the blue die shows ‘2’, ‘3’, ‘4’, ‘5’ or ‘6’. The possible outcomes of the experiment are listed in the table below; the first number in each ordered pair is the number appearing on the blue die and the second number is that on the grey die. So, the number of possible outcomes = 6 × 6 = 36.

(i) The outcomes favourable to the event the sum of the two numbers is 8′ denoted by E, are :

(2, 6), (3, 5), (4, 4), (5, 3), (6, 2) (see figure)

i.e., the number of outcomes favourable to E = 5.

Hence, P(E) = 5/36

(ii) As you can see from figure, there is no outcome favourable to the event F, ‘the sum of two numbers is 13’.

So, P(F) = 0/36 = 0

(iii) As you can see from figure, all the outcomes are favourable to the event G, ‘sum of two numbers ≤ 12.

So, P(G) = 36/36 = 1.

**Question: **A bag contains cards numbered from 1 to 49. A card is drawn from the bag at random, after mixing the cards throughly. Find the probability that the number on the drawn card is:

(i) an odd number.

(ii) a multiple of 5.

(iii) a perfect square.

(iv) an even prime number.

**Solution:**

Total number of cards = 49

Total number of outcomes = 49

(i) Odd number

Favourable outcomes : 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 11, 13, 15, 17, 19, 21, 23, 25, 27, 29, 31, 33, 35, 37, 39, 41, 43, 45, 47, 49

Number of favourable outcomes = 25

**Question: **All the black face cards are removed from a pack of 52 playing cards. The remaining cards are well shuffled and then a card is drawn at random. Find the probability of getting a:

(i) face card.

(ii) red card.

(iii) black card.

(iv) king.

**Solution:**

Cards remaining after removing black face cards = red cards + black cards excluding face cards

= 26 + 20 = 46

Total number of possible outcomes = 46

(i) Face Card

Favourable outcomes: 6 red face cards (king, queen and jack of diamond and heart suits)