We have provided you with Extra and Important Questions from Class 10 Social Science Civics Chapter 4 Gender, Religion and Caste. This Extra and Important Questions will help you to score 100% in your Board Exams. These extra questions will be helpful to revise the important topics and concepts.
Gender, Religion and Caste Class 10 Important Questions with Answers Civics Chapter 4
Extra Questions for Class 10 Civics Chapter 4 Very Short Answer Type
Question: What do you mean by sexual division of labour?
Answer: A system in which all work inside the home is either done by the women of the family, or organised by them through the domestic helpers.
Question: What are feminist movements? [CBSE 2014]
Answer: The movements which aimed at equality of men and women in all spheres of life.
Question: Define sex ratio.
Answer: Number of girl children per thousand boys.
Question: What is sex ratio of India?
Answer: 940 (Census 2011).
Question: Name any two countries in which the participation of woman in public life is very high.
Answer: Sweden and Norway
Question: What is patriarchal society?
Answer: This is a system that values men more and gives them power over women.
Question: What is literacy rate among men and women in India?
Answer: Men – 76% Women = 65.46%
Question: What is a secular state?
Answer: A state in which the constitution provides to all individuals and communities freedom to profess, practice and propogate any religion, or not to follow any.
Question: Name any four social reformers who advocated and worked to establish a society in which caste inequalities are absent.
Answer: Jotiba Phule, Gandhiji, B.R. Ambedkar and Periyar Ramaswami.
Question: What is communalism?
Answer: It is a situation when a particular community tries to promote its own interests at the cost of other communities.
Question: What is the basis of communal politics?
Answer: Communal politics is based on the idea that religion is the principal basis of social community.
Question: Mention any one provision in the Indian Constitution which makes India a secular state.
Answer: Under the Right to Freedom of Religion all citizens are free to profess, practise and propagate any religion, or not to follow any.
Question: Suggest any two ways to break caste hierarchy.
- Spread of education
Extra Questions for Class 10 Civics Chapter 4 Short Answer Type
Question: What were Gandhiji’s views regarding religion and politics? Explain.
Answer: Gandhiji used to say that religion can never be separated from politics. What he meant by religion was not any particular religion like Hinduism or Islam but moral values that form the basis of all religions. He believed that politics must be guided by ethics drawn from religions.
Question: ‘Political mobilisation on religious lines is a frequent form of communalism.’ Explain.
Answer: Political mobilisation on communal lines involves the use of sacred symbols, religious leaders, emotional appeal and plain fear in order to bring the followers of one religion together in the political arena. In electoral politics, this often involves special appeal to the interests or emotions of voters of one religion in preference to others.
Question: Why is the idea of communal politics fundamentally flawed?
Answer: Most of these beliefs are fundamentally not true. People of one religion do not have the same interests and aspirations in most of the contexts. Every individual has his/her own choices, roles, positions and identities. There are many voices inside every community. All these voices have a right to be heard. Therefore, any attempt to bring all followers of one religion together in contexts other than religion is bound to suppress many voices within that community.
Question: “Caste has not still disappeared from contemporary India”. Give any three examples to justify the statement.
- Even now most people marry within their own caste or tribe.
- Untouchability has not ended completely despite constitutional prohibition.
- Caste continues to be closely linked to economic status.
Question: Is the association of political parties with social groups always bad ? Give three valid arguments in support of your answer.
Answer: (1) The association of political parties with social groups is not always bad.
(2) • The association of political parties with weaker sections of society is healthy for democracy.
•Through political parties weaker sections get together to voice their opinion and get a chance for their upliftment.
•Some political parties grow out of social groups. For example, DMK. AIADMK, BSP
Question: Why was model of Secular State chosen for India? Explain.
Answer: (i) Diversity : India is a diverse country. People of different caste, color, creed, religion live together.
(ii) Constitution : Indian Constitution provide freedom to people to adopt any religion.
(iii) Freedom struggle : India got its freedom in 1947. People belonging to different religions, caste and creed has fought for freedom of India.
Question: “There is urgent need to combat communalism”. Explain. [CBSE 2014]
Answer: Communal politics is based on the idea that religion is the principal basis of social community.
(i) The followers of a particular religion must belong to one community. Their fundamental interests are the same. Any difference that they may have is irrelevant or trivial for community life. It also follows that people who follow different religions cannot belong to the same social community.
(ii) A communal mind often leads to a quest for political dominance of one’s own religious community. For those belonging to majority community, this takes the form of majoritarian dominance. For those belonging to the minority community, it can take the form of a desire to form a separate political unit.
(iii) Sometimes communalism takes its most ugly form of communal violence, riots and massacre. For example, communal riots in UP Bihar, Gujarat, etc.
(iv) Communalism should not be seen as a threat to some people in India. It threatens the very idea of India. That is why communalism needs to be combated.
Question: What is the status of women representation in India’s legislative bodies? [CBSE 2013]
- The percentage of elected women members in Lok Sabha has never reached even 10 percent of its total strength.
- The share of women in the State Assemblies is less than 5 percent. In this respect, India is among the bottom group of nations in the world. India is behind the averages for several developing countries of Africa and Latin America.
- In the government, Cabinets are largely all male even when a women becomes the Chief Minister or the Prime Minister.
- There is urgent need to increase women representation in the legislature to empower women.
Extra Questions for Class 10 Civics Chapter 4 Long Answer Type
Question: Name the movements which agitate for women’s rights. How have these movements helped in improving women’s conditions?
Answer: Feminist Movements.
- Political expression of gender division and political mobilisation on this question helped to improve the women’s role in public life.
- Now, women are working in occupations such as scientists, doctors, engineers, lawyers, managers, and college and university teachers which were earlier not considered suitable for women.
- In some parts of the world, for example, By reserving some seats in the Lok Sabha in the Scandinavian countries such as Sweden, Norway and Finland, the participation of women in public life is very high.
Question: Describe any five features of the caste system prevailing in India.
Answer: (i) Organisation of people into social groups for the purpose of marriage, work and diet is known as the caste system.
(ii) The social structure of India is based upon the caste system. All societies have some kind of social inequality and some form of division of labour, but the Indian caste system is an extreme form of division of labour based on birth.
(iii) Although in most societies, occupations are passed on from one generation to another, but in India, it is different from other societies as in this system hereditary occupational division was sanctioned by rituals.
(iv) The Indian caste system was very rigid. Members of the same caste group were supposed to form a social community that practised the same or similar occupation, married within the caste group, and did not eat with members from other caste groups.
(v) Indian caste system continues to be closely linked to economic status.
Question: How are religious differences expressed in politics ?
Answer: (i) Views of Gandhiji : Gandhiji used to say that religion can never be separated from politics. What he meant by religion was not any particular religion like Hinduism or Islam, but the moral values that are there in all religions. According to him, politics must be guided by ethics drawn from all religions.
(ii) Views of Human rights groups : Human rights groups in our country have argued that most of the victims of communal riots in our country are people from religious minorities. They have demanded that the government should take special steps to protect religious minorities.
(iii) Women’s Movements : Women’s movements have argued that family laws of all religions discriminate against women. So they have demanded that the government should change these laws to make them more equitable.
Question: How can religion influence politics? Explain.
- Gandhiji believed that politics must be guided by ethics drawn from all religions.
- Ideas, ideals and values drawn from different religions can and perhaps should play a role in politics.
- People should be able to express in politics, their needs, interests and demands as a member of a religious community.
- Those who hold political power should sometimes be able to regulate the practice of religion so as to prevent discrimination and oppression.
- These political acts are not wrong as long as they treat every religion equal.
Question: State any four provisions of the Indian Constitution which makes it a secular state.
Answer: (i) No official religion : There is no official religion of the Indian state. Unlike the status of Buddhism in Sri Lanka, Islam in Pakistan and Hinduism in Nepal, our Constitution does not give a special status to any religion.
(ii) Fundamental Rights : Under the Right To Freedom of Religion, our Constitution provides to all citizens freedom to profess, practice and propagate any religion, or not to follow any.Under the Cultural and Educational Right, our Constitution prohibits discrimination on grounds of religion.
(iii) Equality : The Constitution allows the state to intervene in the matters of religion in order to ensure equality within religious communities. To ensure equality, untouchability has been banned.
(iv) Intervention of the state within religious communities : The Constitution allows the state to intervene in the matters of religion in order to ensure equality within the different religious communities.